Calculus: The hard deposit of mineralized plaque
that forms on the crown and/or root of the tooth. Also
referred to as tartar.
Gingiva: The soft tissue that covers the jawbone.
Also referred to as the gums.
Gingivectomy: The surgical removal of gingiva
Gingivitis: An inflammation or infection of the
gingiva (gum tissue); the initial stage of periodontal
Gingivoplasty: A surgical procedure to reshape
or repair the gingiva (gum).
Graft: A piece of gum tissue or synthetic material
placed in contact with tissue to repair a defect or supplement
Gum: See gingiva.
Periodontal: Relating to the tissue and bone that
supports the tooth (from peri, meaning "around," and odont, "tooth").
Periodontal disease: The inflammation and infection
of gums, ligaments, bone, and other tissues surrounding
the teeth. Gingivitis (gums) and periodontitis (gums and
bone) are the two main forms of periodontal disease. Also
called gum disease or pyorrhea.
Periodontal pocket: An abnormal deepening of the
gum crevice. It is caused when disease and infection destroy
the ligament that attaches the gum to the tooth and the
Periodontal surgery: A surgical procedure involving
the gums and jawbone.
Periodontics: The dental specialty that deals
with and treats the gum tissue and bone that supports the
Periodontist: Dental specialist with expertise
in surgically treating the effects of periodontal disease.
Periodontitis: Inflammation of the supporting
structures of the tooth, including the gum, the periodontal
ligament, and the jawbone.
Plaque: A film of sticky material containing saliva,
food particles, and bacteria that attaches to the tooth
surface both above and below the gum line. When left on
the tooth it can promote gum disease and tooth decay.
Tartar: See calculus.
Family and Cosmetic Dentist in Ridgecrest,
and the surrounding High Desert.
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